The registration process for filing for an H-1B visa for FY 2022 starts soon, and it is important that the employers stay updated with the obligations before they file petitions for their employees. Given the complex process and various requirements, we have curated a list of things that one needs to keep in mind while sponsoring an individual for an H-1B visa.
An H-1B visa is known to provide employers with the opportunity to hire foreign individuals for specialty occupations. The program intends to aid employers by letting them hire talent with the business skills and abilities needed for the job, that may not be easily available in the US. According the present H-1B visa provisions, around 65,000 foreign workers may be provided the H-1B status every year. Applicants with a Master’s degree from the US are provided with 20,000 seats, in addition to the regular visa.
The employers must follow the steps below before applying for an H-1B petition with the U.S. Citizen and Immigration Services (USCIS). In 2020, the USCIS implemented an electronic H-1B registration process that requires petitioners to register electronically for the initial phases.
The employer should ensure the job qualifications meet any of the following criteria to be counted as a specialty occupation:
A specialty occupation is defined by the USCIS as one that requires technical or theoretical expertise in the fields of Science, Computer Programming, Engineering, or such areas.
H-1B workers must be paid the required wage that is, wages higher than the prevailing wage or the in-house wage or actual wage of the employer for similarly employed individuals. The determined wages should be reported on the Labor Condition Application (LCA) to the U.S. Department of Labor.
According to the regulations maintaining the LCA process, the employers may choose from one the following wage sources to obtain the prevailing wage:
Note: While the employers are not expected to follow any specific wage methodology during the LCA process, they are expected to determine the prevailing wage based on the most suitable information available at the time of filing the application.
The U.S. workforce should be informed about the hiring within 30 days before the date the employer files the LCA. The notice about the same should include the following information:
The employer must ensure that they apply for and receive a DOL certification of an LCA within six months before the initial date of employment, and no more than the mentioned period. The LCA should have a list of locations of intended employment that are identified at the time of filing. It is important that the LCA is posted in public view at two locations in the workplace, on or within 30 days of the filing of the application.
The application must comply with labor requirements mentioned below:
Note: One can obtain further information about the LCA application process from the U.S. Department of Labor’s official website.
The USCIS grants a limited number of H-1B visas every year, which are determined through an annual lottery. The employers can now skip the hassle of applying for an I-129 petition for the annual lottery, and instead, are required to submit an electronic registration, requesting beneficiary with a payment of $10 per beneficiary. Applicants chosen in the lottery are then required to submit an I-129 petition.
The USCIS would conduct a random selection from the registrations to meet their 65,000 limitations first. This would be followed by a random selection to fill the limitations of 20,000 from the registrations from beneficiaries with a U.S. master’s degree or higher.
After registration, the applicant’s USCIS account will display one of the below statuses:
By the 31st of March, the USCIS would update the status change for the applicants. For the registrants selected, a Notice of Selection would be sent through the method selected by them upon registration.
Employers with selected beneficiaries are provided with a window of 90 days to file for an H-1B petition from the 1st of April. The employers should file for a Form-129 petition as soon as their LCA has been certified.
There are various kinds of fees to be submitted along with the Form I-129 that may be applicable to certain employers. This may include the base filing fee, premium processing service fee, electronic registration fee, Public Law fee, fraud fee, and the American Competitiveness and Workforce Improvement Act (ACWIA) fee. The fees applicable for the particular registrant should be stapled along with the document.
For further information about the Form I-120 editions, fees, and checklist, you can refer to the USCIS official website.
The employers receive a form I-797 Notice of Action if their Form I-129 petition has been approved. The workers need to apply with the U.S. Department of State (DOS) with a copy of their Form I-797 at a U.S. embassy or consulate for an H-1B visa. This should be followed with an application for the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) for admission to the U.S. in H-1B classification.
The rest of the hiring and Form I-9 procedures are followed once the worker arrives in the U.S.
With the constant updates and changes in the visa petition process, filing for an H-1B might seem overwhelming. We, at OnBlick, are dedicated towards helping you acquire your goal, through a time-saving process. Our Immigration and HR Compliance Software has been designed to guide you towards an error-free H-1B case management.